Access Classification Scheme: The classification scheme or method made to limit access to some internal information except for those who use it for a valid and legitimate business need.
Access Control: Prohibition or control of the use of a resource, including preventing unauthorized use of information.
Accounting Control: The methods and procedures applied by an institution to ensure the validity and accuracy of its financial statements.
Accountability: Accountability, clear definition of the rules and responsibilities regarding corporate management, the observance of the parallelism between management and shareholders’ interests by the boards of directors. 
Active Bribery: Offering an improper benefit, directly or through intermediaries, to a public or private sector official or any other person to in order to perform or not perform a task related to their duties .
Actual conflicts of interest: The situation in which the personal interests of an employee/person bound by contract in an institution conflict with the interests of the institution while performing their duty
Administration Guideline: Written documents designed by a management unit to achieve compliance and effective task performance.
Administrative Monetary Penalty: Fines imposed by state administrative institutions.
Agency: There are different definitions in different legal systems.
In Turkish Law: Without having a legal position depending on the business such as a commercial agent, commercial agent, sales officer or an employee of the enterprise, the person who has the profession to mediate in contracts that concern a commercial enterprise continuously in a specific place or region or to perform them on behalf of that merchant. nobody – TTK 102
In the Anglo-Saxon Law: It is defined as the independent persons who mediate on the client’s account in contracts related to the purchase and sale of goods or who conclude these contracts on behalf and account of the client.
Anonymization: Making personal data not to be associated with any identified or identifiable real person in any way, even when paired with other data.
Anti-Corruption Policy: In addition to the definition of corruption, the policy that includes the principles, rules, and standards required by institutions in the field of anti-corruption.
Anti-Money Laundering: All of the legislation against the operations and actions aimed at showing the assets obtained from a crime as income obtained from a legitimate source in order to conceal the illegal source. 
Antitrust: All of the legislation against a group of companies acting together with the aim of eliminating competition in the market and providing price control.
Approved Exception: An alternative to or exclusion from established rules, guidance or standards documented and agreed upon by an agreed oversight body under certain conditions.
Asset confiscation: Continuous loss of assets by the order of a court or other competent authority, including the loss of a certain right where applicable 
Asset freezing: Temporary prohibition of the transfer, conversion, disposition, or movement of assets, or the temporary taking of the preservation or control of assets based on a decision made by a court or other competent authority 
Audit: A systematic process that objectively collects and evaluates evidence to investigate the extent to which claims related to economic activities and events comply with predetermined criteria and communicate the results to interested parties. (Audit Concepts Committee)
Audit-Proof Manner : A method of performing a task that does not raise suspicion of non-compliance during a systematic assessment
Authority: The right, authority, and permission to carry out a task under certain conditions according to the provisions provided by the laws.
Benchmarking: The search for, purchase, and/or comparison of information that an institution attempts to find the most accurate and the best at any time or anywhere (including within itself), and, as a result, the adaptation of the organization according to these findings, in order to increase its level of success.
Big Data: Converted form of all data collected from various sources such as social media posts, network logs, blogs, photographs, videos, log files into meaningful and processable form
Bribery: Offering, promising, or giving an improper benefit, directly or through intermediaries, to a public or private sector official or any other person to in order to perform or not perform a task related to their duties.
Business Continuity Plan : Managerial processes and strategies for being prepared in an organized manner against the risks that will arise in case of interruption in the business continuity of the company. 
Business Ethics: It is the branch of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical issues that may arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of workflow and relates to the behavior of individuals and all organizations.
Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE): ACFE certified fraud (or misconduct) reviewer whose work is bribery, financial statement fraud, other fraud and irregularities.
Clean Company Act: The law that aims to fight corruption in Brazil, commonly known as the Clean Company Act (Lei da Empresa Limpa), which entered into force in 2014.
Code of Conduct / Code of Ethics : A set of rules that summarize the responsibilities of the employees towards institutions, people, and other institutions they do business with, and the public, that reflect their basic values and principles and guide them about acceptable and unacceptable behavior.
Commercial bribery: The type of bribery given from the private sector to the private sector, aiming to gain an advantage over commercial competitors.
Common Controls : Sharing control over an economic activity on a contractual basis.
Compliance: To check whether an institution regulates the basic rules and principles in its relations with all stakeholders and the public, and then whether the activities are carried out in accordance with these rules and principles.
Compliance Assessment: Evaluating how well an organization complies with applicable rules and standards.
Compliance Audit: Examination of records and activities to assess the adequacy of the institution’s compliance with rules such as legislative laws, international binding laws, ethical standards, and internal principles.
Compliance Awareness: Having knowledge or awareness about compliance with rules such as legislative laws, international binding laws, ethical standards, and internal principles.
Compliance Deficiency: Violating the boundaries of a program that ensures compliance with and monitors rules such as legislative laws, international binding laws, ethical standards, and internal principles.
Compliance Department: The department established to create and develop a culture of compliance in institutions, to advise on the problems faced by personnel regarding ethical behavior principles, and to carry out ethical and compliance practices.
Compliance Exception: A situation that is an exception to the general rules of compliance with legislative laws, international binding laws, ethical standards, internal principles, and contracts.
Compliance Framework: Any intervention implemented at strategic, systemic, or operational level to develop ethics and compliance programs in institutions
Compliance Function: Person or team responsible and authorized for the execution of the compliance management system.
Compliance Gap: A field of institutions that does not comply with the legislative laws, international binding laws, ethical standards, internal principles, and contracts
Compliance Indicator: Indicator that defines the status or level of achieving compliance goals.
Compliance Monitoring : Regular internal monitoring, control, and auditing activities carried out by institutions to see whether their ethics and compliance programs and rules are being implemented.
Compliance Performance: Measurable results of the organization’s fulfillment of all compliance obligations
Compliance Plan: A control and balance system aimed at identifying potential compliance problems with applicable legislation and regulations and designing reasonable solutions to eliminate or reduce these problems
Compliance Policy: A written quality document designating the principles and values on ethics & compliance issues, arranged according to the risk analysis and compliance program developed within the organization.
Compliance Procedure: A written detailed quality document designating the rules, scope, sanctions, and procedures on ethics & compliance issues, arranged according to the risk analysis and compliance program developed within the institution
Compliance Roles and Responsibilities: Defining the roles and responsibilities of everyone involved in the organization’s compliance management.
Compliance Training: The process of training employees on the legislative laws, internationally binding laws, ethical standards, internal principles and contracts that are required in order to perform daily job descriptions.
Compliance Violation: (see: misconduct)
Conflicts Of Interest: A conflict between the personal interests (financial or otherwise) of a person or an organization (private of public) while fulfilling their duty with the organization they represent or are contractually bound to. Conflicts of interest are divided into three groups: actual, potential, and perceived. Conflict of interest may not always constitute a breach on its own, but if not managed, it may lead to serious compliance violations.
Control: The power of an institution to manage its financial and operational policies in order to benefit from its activities.
Corporate Governance: The combination of laws, regulations, and voluntary private sector practices that enable a company to attract financial and human resources, operate efficiently, and thus achieve stability by generating long-term economic gain for its shareholders, without harming the interests of beneficiaries and the public.
Corporate Social Responsibility: The determination of an organization to consider social and environmental aspects in decision-making processes and to be responsible for the impact of its decisions and activities on the society and the environment
Corrective Control: Control system designed to reduce the impact on the organization when an adverse situation occurs.
Corruption: Abuse of public power, duty, and authority to obtain private benefits through bribery, extortion, favoritism, fraud, and embezzlement. 
Courage: Not just knowing what is the right thing to do in ethical dilemmas, but speaking the right thing and doing the right thing in every condition and situation.
Cybersecurity: All of the technical, administrative, and legal measures taken for operational security, security of technical devices, and protection of personal information in order to protect the institution from cyber attacks.
 Business Ethics and Ethical Management in the World and in Turkey / TÜSİAD 2002
 In the crime of bribery to TCK and FCPA, the perpetrator can only be Public Officials.
 Reference Guide to Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism
 UN ANTI-CORRUPTION CONVENTION
 (UN ANTI-CORRUPTION CONVENTION
 Ziraat Bank / Business Continuity Plan